«We need to look into the past in order to understand the present and foresee the future».
N. Nazarbayev
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1835 — 1865
Chokan (Muhammad Hanafiya) Valihanov was born in November 1835 in the fortress Kushmurun (near Kostanay) in the family of senior Sultan of Aman Karagai district Chingis Valikhanova.