«We need to look into the past in order to understand the present and foresee the future».
N. Nazarbayev
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My Russian friend with Kazakh soul

A person responsible for the start of my personal contacts with Russian searchers, or to be precise with Dmitry Zhuk, a leader of the Oleninsk district public organization "Military and historical searching centre "Orel", was a Kazakh tankman from Karsakpay named Zhumash Rakhmetov, who died during the years of the Great Patriotic war in Tver region.

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Migration politics during the years of industrialization

The growth of the tempi of industrial construction led to the appearance of the deficit of work force. For the provision of the constructions with hands and at the same time with the aim to economy in the training of Kazakh workers the authorities practiced so called organizational enrollment in the stricken by unemployment western regions of the country.

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Mangilik El of ancient Kazakhs

General attributes and principles of the nation-wide concept Mangilik El introduced by the President N.Nazarbayev have been formed and developed over millennia under specific historical conditions and certain territory. 

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Monuments of the Bronze Age

An important event happened at the turn of the second quarter of II thousand BC in the Eurasian steppes – bronze (an alloy of copper, tin, lead and zine) has been invented

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Monuments of Kokand and initial Russian period

First half of 60s of XIX century is the period of fierce struggle of Russia with Kokand khanate for influence spheres in the southern Kazakh lands. In 1863 Kokand fortification Merke was occupied and in 1864bthe fortress and Aulie-Ata were taken also. As a result of this military campaign the southern lands of Kazakhstan including Shu – Talas interfluve have been annexed to the Russian Empire

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Material and spiritual culture of Kazakh people in XVI-XVII centuries. Herding, farming and urban life

Nomadic and semi-nomadic herding was the principal economic activity of the Kazakhs. The animals reared were mainly sheep, horses, camels and cattle. The meat and milk of sheep served as food and their skins and wools were used in making clothes, footwear, vessels and many other objects of daily use. Horse-breeding was no less important

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Manufacturing findings of the Stone Age in Karzhantau and Karaoba

In 1973, location Susyngen was found on the territory of Lenin District on the east bank of the river Susyngen of the left feeder. 

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Monuments of ancient Turks

The culture of nomadic Turkic tribes was defined by needs of their main employment – cattle breeding of various forms: from nomadic to semi-nomadic and settled.

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