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N. Nazarbayev
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National history and historical memory

V. Menkovsky

The Soviet Union ceased to exist more than 20 years ago. After 1991 "making new national histories" and replacement of Soviet paradigms became the primary tasks of new independent states’ national historiographies. The search for national self-identification was accompanied by natural criticism of former historiographical model, which was intended for proving historical stipulation of coexistence within the scope of a single state. Historical science performed both functions of "retrospective politics" and future-shaping science.


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