«We need to look into the past in order to understand the present and foresee the future».
N. Nazarbayev
Home » E-Library » Research articles and publications » DEPORTATION. RESISTANCE FOR THE SAKE OF SALVATION. Yevgeniya CHILIKOVA



Every nation’s history has stages full of tragedy and tears. Greeks who had survived one of the most cruel conquests by Ottoman Empire and partially settled in the Russian Empire in search of better fortune, for the first time reaped fruits of protection at the time of Peter the Great and Catherine II. In 20th century they had been subjected to repressions, executions and deportations, generated by the epoch of Stalin. Varvara Burnazaki together with her mother Alexandra Nikolau was deported to Kazakhstan from the Black Sea coast of Ukraine four years after the end of the Great Patriotic War. At the moment of deportation Varvara was 50 years old and her mother was aged 70. Two elderly women represented only one family among almost nine thousand families evicted from their own home. Twelve years earlier men were taken from their homes and sent into the unknown. The majority of people repressed in 1937-1949 were charged with Greek partiality, lack of citizenship, former Greek citizenship, and Soviet citizenship acquired through naturalization of former Greek citizens, as well as contacts with Greek consulate or espionage in its favor. Varvara’s father Petr Nikolau, a native of the Kherson Governorate just like many of his fellow villagers held Greek citizenship. According to the documents kept in the State Archive of Odessa region, it is established that Nikolau’s children were natives of the hamlet Rapatyevo, located in “one of the biggest Greek settlements of the Russian Empire” called Malyi Buyalyk. The years 1918–1920 became absolutely unpredictable for Odessa and its environs. The city had changed hands several times. Only in February 1920 this seaport became ultimately Soviet.


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