Kazakhs were peaceful nation. They appreciated peaceful and relaxed lifestyle, good joke and sharp words. Permanent migration from one place to another, ongoing incursions of enemies, who encroached on steppes, stimulated Kazakh unpretentiousness, faith in fate, determination in the face of approaching danger. Kazakh nomads didn’t attack to occupy others’ lands. However, as soon as difficulties appeared and enemies came closer to the steppe borders, a breeder turned into a warrior.
subject of history is closely interwoven with other public, social-humanitarian
sciences studied human society from all sides and in different aspects. At
that moment nor philosophy, nor sociology, nor political science, nor
jurisprudence, nor economy as well as other sciences are not in condition to
cover development of human society in whole
Educational system functions as a mechanism of humanization of enter-ethnical relations, because the youth acts a potential of social development. Moralhumanistic state of the youth is a responsive indicator of progressive society. Current situation in social sphere puts very diffi cult task before educational establishments to constitute social aim and settings in the consciousness. Humanization of education solving the issues of interrelation of common human and national values, gives the chance a youth to self-identify as a representative of certain national culture and also, to form national awareness of citizen.
Ambitious goals of fundamental update of the concept of origin and development of the state and society in Kazakhstan are set for historical science of Kazakhstan for the coming years. Significant social-economic advancements achieved by the people of Kazakhstan headed by its President, the Leader of Nation N.A.Nazarbayev show the advantage of natural unity of the government with people to achieve present and prospect strategic objectives during the years of sovereignty.
History of formation and development of ulus system of Mongol Empire on the territory of Eastern Dasht-i Kipchak is closely connected with the issue of terms Ak-Orda and Kok-Orda – the names of the two main ulus units in the structure of Juchid state, formed after Juchid’s death.
During war years Kazakhstan became home front and center for the reception and location of evacuated enterprises. 220 factories, plants, production facilities and workshops arrived and were put into operation. Production of weapons and ammunition for the front was organized in difficult war-time conditions.
Asan Kaygy was born in the second half of the 14th century in the bank of the Volga River. He was a statesman, poet, narrator and philosopher. The period of Asan Kaygy’s life coincided with the time of creation of Kazakh statehood.
Inter-ethnic relations are extremely delicate sphere of social interaction. It required uninterrupted attention, monitoring and control. Certainly, at the currently stage we can be proud of present stability in our multicultural society which seems to be a grace against the backdrop of the world inter-civilizational clashes and wars.
The A. Kh. Margulan Institute of Archaeology is renowned by its legendary expeditions well known now that set the ground for the large-scale and even epochal researches. The people that led the first Kazakhstani expeditions left a bright trace in the science of the country, in the destiny of the Institute and archaeologists who became today the acknowledged specialists themselves.
Petroglyphs of Kazakhstan — magnificent monuments of primitive and medieval art. Specifics of the Kazakhstan relief, feature of breeds of the stone composing a massif caused a wide dissemination of petroglyphs. In the territory of Kazakhstan there is an archaeological complex of the Tamgaly well-known for the whole world. In 2004 it was included into the list of the World cultural heritage of UNESCO. The Tamgaly — a monument which is in 170 km to the northwest from Almaty, in mountains Anyrakay where found the slots fine rock paintings which indeed are read by a sacral place for petroglyphs of Kazakhstan. Here it is possible to meet about 5000 petroglyphs which conceal in themselves interesting riddles of last time. The composition of petroglyphs of the Tamgaly is unique, and analogs him aren’t present in a pattern anywhere. The complex near the village of Karabastau of the Zhambylsky region of Almaty region is located. In 2003 on this place the State museum open-air is created.