«MANGILIK EL» dedicates its pages to the opening of the National museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Today, Darkhan Mynbay who has been the head of the museum from the moment of its idea emergence till its establishment, became the interviewee of our magazine.
The Aral Sea is one of the most ancient lakes on Earth, with a history of 3.500 years. It was also the fourth largest lake in the world until the late 1950s, before the ecological crisis.
Almaty city was the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan until 1997. It has a long history.
Household item in the contest of funeral rites have a dual nature, and therefore treated with different positions as things and as utilitarian pirpose and as sacral tor use in rites -of transition and accompanying the deceased in a different sphere of life.
The article focuses on the construction of the new town of Ak-Mechet (Kyzylorda). Following the decision of the Council of People’s Commissars (SNK) KazASSR of shifting the center of the Republic of Orenburg city Ak- Mechet, the government decided to create a building committee of the SNK and construction bureau for the new building in the city of Ak-Mechet for the state and its economic institutions.
In September 1919 the first authorised Head of archives began his activity in the city of Orenburg, the future capital of the Kazakh ASSR. He arrived to implement the Lenin Decree dated 1 Jane 1918 on centralization of archives. During the difficult period of the Civil War, in 1919-1920 collection of materials for the future Central Archive of the October Revolution in the Kazakh SSR had begun.
Social sphere is an indicator of stability in a state. A state which pays much attention to it is provider of balanced and humane policy. The present Address of the President of Kazakhstan entitled "Social and Economic Modernisation is a Main Vector of Development in Kazakhstan" is a document confirming the core idea of the need to take care of ordinary people during post-crisis period. Content of the Address clearly defines the area of development for 2012. Working on such social problems as qualitative growth of human capital, providing employment opportunities to working-age population, care for the health of the nation and many others are evidences of targeted policy of the state in this sphere.
Today, problem of gender equality defined as priority by many international organizations recognizing that gender indicators shall be entered into all social and economic programs promoting democratization of society, improvement of quality of life, poverty eradication and sustainable development of the country. The main problem of the gender researches is finding out the opportunities to overcome a gender inequality, sex discrimination at all levels and in all spheres of social life — work, economy, policy and family. Gender relationship — socially organized relations between two genders. Usually it is relations of inequality where dominant position takes men. Gender relations understood as a product of interaction of the women and men representing social communities with macro-(society) and micro- (family) environment.
The history of Kazakhstan is extremely rich in events, changes and names of outstanding persons. But only some of them changed severely the destinies of the country, state and people for centuries. Among them there are formation of Kazakh khanate in the XV century, the years of great calamity and beginning of annexation to Russia in the XVIII century, establishment of the Soviet regime in 1917–1918, scientific and creative heroic exploits of Sh. Ualikhanov, M. Auezov, K. Satpayev, declaration of independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan on December, 16, 1991, the appointment of a new independent state’s capital.