Kazakhstan is a young country of Central Asia, which recently celebrated the twentieth anniversary of its independence. Despite of such short period of time, with well-constructed policy of the Head of State our country now is considered by the international community as a country seeking to enhance interethnic peace and interfaith harmony. Recent public-opinion polls show that the relationships between ethnic groups in the country are quite friendly. Obviously, it is an achievement of all Kazakhstan people, and especially its two largest ethnic groups — Kazakhs and Russians, which relations have a great influence on the situation in the republic. In addition, it is also a result of our national policy, which was worked out be our Government.
Kazakhstan, being at the joint of international transport corridors, has sufficient transport and logistics network. Thanks to its location, our country is attractive for international community to work out join infrastructure project.
Ideological content of the animal style in art was religious justification of Sakas statehood. To be the state religion was the basic idea of the art. The meaning of Issyk findings for the problem is increasing by the discovery of the monument of writing — a silver cup with the inscription. The fact of the existence of writing in any society is reflected in the high level of social and economic organization of the genesis of the earliest forms of the state.
A million 196 thousand 164 Kazakh people were drafted to the Red Army during the World War II. More than 700 thousand people worked In «Labour Army», mostly they were «special settlers». Every fourth our citizen participated in the front and in defense industry.
The term «harness» we use in the sense that it is horse harnesses, for horse riding. It consists of headband, a saddle and its periphery — the breast belt and the girth with the buckle (or without).
Berel bridles horse is traditional and includes side, forehead and muzzle straps, abundantly decorated with a variety of pendants, made in the form zoomorphic images, complemented by floral motifs. Bits are mostly wrought with simple iron, little bronze.
Attempted struggle with bays, forcible policy of nomads’ transition to settled life as well as intensive collectivization campaign and meat stocking led to mass reduction of livestock with subsequent famine. Its scale surpassed the leanest years in Kazakhstan, which took place in 1918-1919 and in 1921-1922. This famine carried away almost four million people, the majority of deaths occurred on the territory of the republic.
Among feats of arms of warriors who protected Moscow in 1941, a great feat of 28 Panfilov’s guardsmen occupies a special place. On November 16, 1941, near Dubossekovo village in the vicinity of Volokolamsk, a little group of brave soviet soldier stood in the way of more than 50 enemy tanks which had been rushing for Moscow. Defenders did not waver and delayed enemy’s breakthrough for 4.5 hours till arrival of our reserve troops. The entire country learned about this feat soon and 28 Panfilov division’s guardsmen became a part of the Great Patriotic War history.
Isatay Taymanov was one of the most outstanding figures of the first half of the 19 century. He was a leader of national liberation movement in Bukey Horde and eastern part of the Junior Zhuz in 1836-1838. However, scientific evidence about the burial place of Isatay Taymanov is still lacking.