«We need to look into the past in order to understand the present and foresee the future».
N. Nazarbayev
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Multi – vector policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Part 1
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Since obtaining independence Kazakhstan’s foreign policy has been based on a principle of multi-vector relations that was declared by Nursultan Nazarbayev as soon as he was elected the country’s president on 1 December 1991.

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Multi – vector policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Part 2
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Since obtaining independence Kazakhstan’s foreign policy has been based on a principle of multi-vector relations that was declared by Nursultan Nazarbayev as soon as he was elected the country’s president on 1 December 1991.

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Main vectors of Kazakhstan’s foreign policy
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During the last 20 years of Kazakhstan’s independence its foreign policy has become an integral part of state policy. The country has found ways for correlating its own national interests with the interests of other countries.

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Monuments as a priceless national heritage
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There is a famous phrase, «Without knowledge of the past there is no future»; first of all, it applies to national heritage — historic monuments, as inviolable values of any state.

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Mukhtar and Shakarim meetings and fates
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Mukhtar Auezov (1897–1961) and Shakarim Kudayberdiyev (1858–1931), famous Kazakh writers, had a long personal contact, which influenced both of them. During long conversations with wise Shakarim, young Mukhtar drew wisdom of folk knowledge and took notes for his future novel about Abay. Shakarim enjoyed communication with keen, energetic and talented writer. Mukhtar inspired; Shakarim supported, tutored, and counseled.

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Molecular genetics and biomedical research of Berel mounds
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The preliminary results of molecular genetics and anthropological studies of human remains found mixed physical type of man: it contains both Caucasoid and Mongoloid components. It accords with the data of anthropology. Absolute predominance of Caucasoid components in the region is characteristic for early Sakas time. Two individuals out of the burial mound № 11 having dominant component are considered Caucasoid. It has 84.6%, according to preliminary data.

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Mounds of the Saka
05.01.2014
These are huge constructions that compare with the Egyptian pyramids, reaching a height of 20 m and a diameter of 120-150 m, and the little hillocks up to 1-1.5 m and a diameter of 5-7 m. There are mass of mounds of various sizes in the range of these parameters.
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Mound “Issyk”
05.01.2014
Issyk burial mound is located on the western outskirts of Issyk. The diameter of the mound — 60 m, height — 6 m. Burial mound is a multilayer, the layer of gravel alternate with crushed stone-clay layer, around the central grave marked accumulation of large rounded stones. Under the embankment there are two graves: the central and side (south). The central tomb is completely destroyed by the robbers.
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Materials on ethnography of Kazakhs in Russian funds of museum
02.02.2015

Ethnographic meetings take a special place among museum collections. Many subjects that reflect material and spiritual culture of the Kazakh people, collected by researchers, travelers during expedition, makes contents of funds of many Russian museums. This aspect of a problem for many years was the subject of study of the Kazakhstan historians and specialists in museum specialist. The history of formation of ethnographic collections of Kazakhs is more than 250 years in Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography named after Peter the Great (MAE) of Russian Academy of Sciences. Information about «Kyrgyz (Kazakh) things» was mentioned in Kunstkamera since 1779. Archive data testify that in 1860–1870 the clothes and subjects of nomadic life of the people of Central Asia and Kazakhstan were exposed at MAE.

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Migratory Risks of Kazakhstan: Modern Tendencies, National Safety, and State Regulation Problems
01.04.2015

Kazakhstan is the 9th largest country in the world with population about 16 million. For Kazakhstan pay a lot of attention to migration in recent times because it has very big demographic problem. After gaining its independence the Republic of Kazakhstan, being the country of origin, destination and transfer, has become an active agent of the world migrational processes.

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