Nauryz is an ancient Turkic holiday which marks coming of a new year. It is celebrated several days starting from 21st of March, the day of the spring equinox.
Central Asia regions during the course of many centuries was the center of trading-economic and cultural exchange between Asia and Europe, the major interlink on the ancient routs of the Great Silk Road. Contemporary newly independent Central Asian nations — Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan consider development of alternative regional transport communications as important of the national regional strategy. Today’s Central Asian states have become active participants in various projects, revival of the Great Silk Road that promote economic and political cooperation with countries of Europe and Asia.
The Soviet Union ceased to exist more than 20 years ago. After 1991 "making new national histories" and replacement of Soviet paradigms became the primary tasks of new independent states’ national historiographies. The search for national self-identification was accompanied by natural criticism of former historiographical model, which was intended for proving historical stipulation of coexistence within the scope of a single state. Historical science performed both functions of "retrospective politics" and future-shaping science.
The honoured arts worker of Kazakh SSR, holder of the order of “Badge of Honour” Nurpeyis Bayganin is a true national pride. He was a poet, improviser, and performerzhyrau. His rich repertoire includes many epics, such as “Koblandy batyr”, “Kubygul”, “Torekhan”, “Forty heroes of Kyrym”. Ninetytwo versions of the epic “Koblandy batyr” have been preserved until our days, but the version performed by Nurpeyis Bayganin is considered to be the most picturesque, with the most detailed account of past events, richest in acts and big volume of 9300 lines.
Many nations of the world possessing ancestral land have their own National history, which has its roots in antiquity, when the ancestral form of the ethnic community was first to reclaim inhabited land for permanent development of the future generations. Development of the socio-cultural values and economic activity is originated due to the “growth” of the number of descendants, which serve the source of formation of same-type group with all specific ethno-cultural features in the vital space.
National folk dances already occupied an
important place in the very first theatrical and operatic productions