The colour slides are specially prepared for this publication by Oleg Belyalov, It also includes photos by Yuri Cherkashin and Zainolla Samashev.
As it known, without a comprehensive and of detailed development plans, without a comprehensive and balanced structure of the state country strategy, it is impossible to promote prosperity. History shows that in a world leading position occupied primarily those countries that were armed with an effective national strategy.
At the moment, history is an interdisciplinary science, which has very important methodological principles and approaches.
Today, historical science faces with new requirements. A critical reassessment of the methodology of historical research. And for us, philosophers, it is extremely interesting. Methodological changes and linguistic tools in historical science related, in particular, the influence of the ideas of the representatives of the French historical school of the first half of the twentieth century, Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch.
Importance of penetration methods of hermeneutics in historical science relevant. I emphasize again that we, philosophers, very important methodological aspects of the study of history, when the principle of the unity of the historical and logical. Without such a clear and explicit methodological assist impossible to reveal the specifics and cultural contexts of formation of the new state. Needed, in our view, the problem-historical and problem-analysis and chronological approach, allowing to consider each phenomenon under investigation is at the point where it reaches its mature stage in its development where it is easier to detect and reveal its essence.
Tasks in this regard for scientists Institute of Philosophy, Political Science and Religion are big and important. Today we are talking about designing new ideological model of the future of the country, identifying core values and guiding development. Indeed, genuine national dignity begins with a genuine national history. And we need to expand the research, the study of history does not cover five centuries, and consider it a thousand-year period. For this plan to allocate funds, historians will go to various expeditions abroad to collect, organize and classify materials to research and write papers on the highest professional level.
Contemporary history is certainly not confined exclusively to the study of written sources, work in the archives. It uses methods related sciences: philosophy, sociology, geography, anthropology and cultural studies. In connection with this change methodological approaches to history. You need to pay attention to the fact that the cultural code of the nation, language, spirituality, traditions have been preserved. The Head of State emphasizes that all Kazakh identity must be the core of the historical consciousness of the nation.
Doctor of Philosophy
Senior Fellow at the Institute of Philosophy, Political Science and Religious Committee of Science of RK.
The leaders of the national liberation movement also understood clearly it was impossible for these objectives to be reached in Russia without creating a democratic system and giving freedom of choice to people who had previously been dependent on the metropolis.
This is the question which Sharon Turner (1768–18747), an English historian of the XVIII century, examined; in 1827 he published an article in English language devoted to this problem.
Suzhikov was one of those people who has no peace. He promptly studied question in his charge. He reasonably made the difference between the limits of possibilities and absurd ideas. Having made a decision he went all the way despite his career interests.
Social structure of the Berel society was many times examined in scientific literature. Nevertheless, each discovery expands and corrects existing knowledge about social and political structure of nomadic society inhabited Kazakhstan in the middle — 2nd half of the 1st millennium BC. It is known that burial monuments clearly reflect the level of social stratification in ancient nomadic societies
Jewelry traditions of the Kazakh nation, the origins of which date back to the techniques of metal of art processing used by early nomads, further developed during the Middle Ages, were affected by many Eurasian cultures and obtained their complete image at the same time with the formation of Kazakh ethnos.