«We need to look into the past in order to understand the present and foresee the future».
N. Nazarbayev
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States of the Early and High Middle Ages (VI-XIII centuries)

Ethnogenesis, history, culture and spirituality of all the Turkic peoples, including Kazakhs are depicted in Old Turkic Orkhon monuments.
First time the word “kipchak” was mentioned in the ancient runic inscriptions dated 760.
The formation of the Kara-Khitan Khanate was closely intertwined with the Central Asian Khitan tribes.
It is considered that the founder of the Karakhadids was SatukBughra Khan (915-955).
Early history of the Kimeks was closely intertwined with the Yanmo tribe, mentioned in Chinese sources in connection with the events of the 7th century.
As a result of the fight with the Karluks a significant part of Oghuz tribes left Zhetysu (Semirechye) and moved to the foothills of the Karatau Mountains and the valley of the Chu River.
The first information about the Karluks, known under the name of Bulaks, appeared in the 5th century.
The migration period (2-5th centuries) significantly changed the ethnic and political map of Kazakhstan, Central Asia and Eastern Europe. In the 5th century multiple groups of Turkic-speaking tribes.
The work "Turk" first time appeared in the written Chinese sources.