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N. Nazarbayev
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Late-medieval urban culture

The main occupation of the population of Kazakhstan in the 14th -15th centuries remained nomadic cattle breeding same as in the previous centuries.
Compared with the previous periods in the history of Kazakhstan, this period is illuminated by the written sources.
The flowering of medieval urban culture of Kazakhstan, the apogee of which falls on the X-XII centuries, was interrupted by aggressive campaigns of Mongol troops.