«We need to look into the past in order to understand the present and foresee the future».
N. Nazarbayev
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The culture of Kazakhstan in 18-20 centuries

Literature and music were the most expressive components of artistic culture.
History has preserved the names of Kazakhstan extraordinary people who have been able to maintain the dignity and inner freedom, regardless of external conditions.
Representatives of the Russian democratic and revolutionary thought in a counterbalance to imperial colonialists promoted development of the friendly relations between Russian and Kazakh the people.
Abay (Ibrahim) Kunanbayev was a great poet, philosopher, statesman and founder of modern Kazakh literature.
It developed a network of scientific institutions, though separate, in Kazakhstan. One of them functioned at the expense of the state allocations, others appeared thanks to diligence of enthusiasts.
Kazakhs have always revered and highly valued their national customs and traditions.
In Petropavlovsk a press conference took a place with founders of the "Magzhan" film. the correspondent of BNews.kz reports. The movie well illustrates eternal historical questions